Bitcoin Mining Hashrate by Country


Key Takeaways

  • The United States does 38% of all mining - more than any other country.
  • China once had the most mining until the government banned it in 2021.
  • The top three countries do 78% of all Bitcoin mining.

China was the undisputed world leader in Bitcoin mining until July 2021, when the Chinese government banned all mining operations in the country.

Chinese mining pools had control of more than 60% of the Bitcoin network’s collective hash rate.

Despite the ban, China still has the second or third-highest share of Bitcoin mining globally.

Estimated Hash Power by Country

Here was the estimated mining hash power breakdown by country in 2022 according to the University of Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance:

USA - 38%
China - 21%
Kazakhstan - 13%
Canada - 7%
Russia - 5%
Germany - 3%
Malaysia - 3%
Ireland - 2%

Other interesting stats are:

The stats above are accurate as of September 2023.

As you can see, China was dominating Bitcoin mining by a very wide margin, but now that dominance has shifted to the USA.

bitcoin hash rate by country

UPDATE June 2021: China Cracks Down On Mining

In what is being called “The Great Mining Migration”, large mining operations based in China are fleeing the country.

That’s because of a memo from the Financial Stability and Development Committee of the State Council of the Chinese Communist Party.

While the memo is in Chinese, Google Translate gives us a good picture of what it says:

A prudent monetary policy must be flexible, precise, reasonable, and appropriate...The second [goal] is to resolutely prevent and control financial risks...[by cracking] down on Bitcoin mining and trading behavior, and [to] resolutely prevent the transmission of individual risks to the social field.

Financial Committee CCP

That night, all mining farms were instructed to shut down permanently.

mining shutdown june midnight

This DOES NOT mean this hashing power is going offline forever. It just means the miners need to move their operations to other countries.

And most of them seem to be opting for Texas, due to its crypto-friendly regulatory environment, low taxes, and wealth of cheap energy (20% of which is fueled by renewable wind).

This migration marks the first major shift in Bitcoin’s mining history and will no doubt have major implications for Bitcoin going forward.

Article Sources

BuyBitcoinWorldWide writers are subject-matter experts and base their articles on firsthand information, like interviews with experts, white papers or original studies and experience. We also use trusted research and studies from other well-known sources. You can learn more about our editorial guidelines.

  1. - Guide to Mining Pools,
  2. Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance - Bitcoin Mining Map,
  3. South China Morning Post - Statement from Chinese Communist Party on Mining,

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