51 Welfare Statistics By Race & Year (Chart)

jordan tuwiner, founder of buybitcoinworldwide.com
by Jordan Tuwiner · October 1st, 2022

Every fifth American or 19% of the U.S. population uses welfare.

We've compiled numerous statistics that show the cost, demographics, and effects of welfare spending.

Read on to see all of the welfare statistics that will be important to know this year:

  • Percentage of people on welfare
  • Welfare statistics by race, gender, state, and year
  • Welfare demographics
  • Percentage of americans on welfare
  • A lot more

Let’s dive right in.

Key Welfare Statistics & Facts:

  1. Every fifth American or 19% of the U.S. population uses welfare. That accounts for 59 million welfare recipients in the U.S.
  2. In 2021, the federal government spent almost $1.5 trillion on welfare programs in the U.S.
  3. In 2022, $1.3 trillion is projected to be spent on welfare programs in the U.S.
  4. Many different races receive SNAP benefits: 37% of White Americans, followed by 26% of Black Americans, 16% of Hispanic Americans, 3% of Asian Americans, and 2% of Native Americans.
  5. In 2022, housing assistance programs are expected to cost $81 billion, an increase of $20 billion from the previous year.
  6. Around $165 billion will be spent on nutrition assistance in 2022. That includes $115 billion on SNAP.
  7. In 2021, around $113 billion was spent for SNAP.
  8. $30 billion was spent on tenant-based rental assistance in 2021, $13 billion for emergency rental assistance, and $9 billioin for the housing trust fund.
  9. $571 billion will be spent on Medicaid programs in the form of monetary transfers to the states in 2022.
  10. In 2022, welfare programs will account for approximately 22% of total federal spending.
  11. Around $53 billion will be spent on unemployment programs in 2022, down from almost $400 billion in 2021.

Important Welfare Statistics

For millions of Americans living in poverty, life is full of constant hardship and tribulations. Today, the number of Americans struggling to get by is increasing, and many are becoming reliant on welfare programs.

There are four major welfare programs, including Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Programs (SNAP) or "food stamps", housing assistance, and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

The welfare statistics we've compiled show that regardless of people's age, gender, race, or location, millions rely on welfare programs.

  1. There are 6 major welfare programs in the U.S.
  2. 40% of people in the U.S. have been on welfare for more than 3 years.
  3. 59 million people in the U.S. are on welfare. how many people in the us are on welfare
  4. Almost half of Americans believe government spending on social security needs to increase.
  5. Over 50 years, U.S. taxpayers have paid more than $22 trillion for welfare programs.
  6. Around 20% of americans are supported by Medicaid. percentage of americans who are supported by medicaid
  7. Almost 73% of TANF recipients in the U.S. are children.
  8. SNAP is the largest welfare program in the U.S.
  9. 24 million children use welfare every month.
  10. At least 13 million people live in poverty and don’t receive any benefits from welfare programs.
  11. Wyoming spends less than $1 billion on welfare, and it's the only state to do so.
  12. New York spends the most on welfare, paying $19.85 billion for welfare expenditures. us state that spends the most on welfare

The Cost Of Welfare

How much is spent on welfare?

  1. The federal government spent almost $1.5 trillion on welfare programs in the U.S. in 2021. federal government spending on welfare
  2. In 2022, $1.3 trillion is expected to be spent on welfare programs in the U.S.
  3. In 2022, housing assistance programs are expected to cost $81 billion.
  4. Approximately $165 billion will be spent on nutrition assistance in 2022.
  5. Around $113 billion was spent for SNAP in 2021.
  6. SNAP cost the government $65 billion and is costing more each month to help struggling Americans.
  7. Federal funding for the TANF block grant has been $16.5 billion each year since 1996.
  8. Taxpayers in the U.S. have paid more than $22 trillion on welfare programs over the last 50 years.

Federal Welfare Programs Stats

  1. 40 million people used SNAP each month in 2020.
  2. Roughly 20% of the US population is part of the Medicaid program.
  3. 47% of Medicaid recipients in the U.S. who are older than 18 work in the agricultural industry.
  4. A SNAP recipient receives $127 a month on average. That translates to $4.17 per day or $1.39 per meal. SNAP recipients can recieve between $131 to $506 per month depending on how close they are to the poverty threshold and the size of their household. how much do snap recipients make
  5. There are over 2 million TANF recipients who are under the age of 18, and slightly less than 800,000 adults.

Welfare Fraud

  1. Since 2016, government benefits fraud has decreased by almost 50%.
  2. In 2020, there were 274 welfare fraud offenders, down from 528 in 2016.
  3. Around 60% of welfare fraud offenders were men, with the average offender being 46 years old. welfare fraud statistics
  4. In 2020, the median loss from fraudulent government benefits claims was around $40,000.
  5. More than 70% of fraud offenders didn't have any prior criminal history.
  6. The top locations for welfare fraud offenders were in Massachusetts, Ohio, Nebraska, California, and Florida.

Welfare Usage & Results

  1. Only 21 out of every 100 families in poverty were provided cash assistance by Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in 2020.
  2. Social Security moved more than 25 million people out of poverty in 2020, making it the most effective anti-poverty program.
  3. Almost 12 million individuals were moved out of poverty because of stimulus payments related to COVID-19 relief legislation.
  4. Almost 6 million people were prevented to fall into poverty due to unemployment benefits in 2020. number of people who were prevented to fall into poverty due to welfare
  5. Around 41% of households receiving SNAP benefits had at least one member over the age of 60. Around 30% had a child age 18 or younger.
  6. Approximately 48% of households that receive SNAP benefits are married couples.
  7. In July 2021, almost 77 million people were enrolled in Medicaid.
  8. In 2021, more than 41 million people received SNAP benefits.

Welfare in the Workforce

  1. People employed in the service industry are more likely to be in poverty than those working in other sectors.
  2. Women are more likely than men to be members of the working poor. welfare in the workplace
  3. 51% of adults enrolled in SNAP work at least 35 hours per week for almost the entire year.
  4. Full-time workers are almost four times less likely to be in poverty than part-time workers.
  5. There are more adults who are enrolled in Medicaid that work for companies within the private sector than the public sector.

Welfare Demographics

  1. More women than men are dependent on food stamps.
  2. 43% of welfare recipients are white. welfare demographics
  3. In 2019, more than 25% of households receiving SNAP benefits included at least one disabled person.
  4. 54% of Medicaid members are women.
  5. Many different races receive SNAP benefits: 37% of White Americans, followed by 26% of Black Americans, 16% of Hispanic Americans, 3% of Asian Americans, and 2% of Native Americans.

Welfare Statistics By State

Top 10 States With The Most Welfare Recipients

  1. New Mexico - 21,300 per 100,000
  2. Louisiana - 17,320 per 100,000
  3. West Virginia - 17,081 per 100,000
  4. Mississippi - 14,872 per 100,000
  5. Oklahoma - 14,717 per 100,000
  6. Alabama - 14,376 per 100,000
  7. Oregon - 13,918 per 100,000
  8. Illinois - 13,883 per 100,000
  9. Nevada - 13,701 per 100,000
  10. Rhode Island - 13,505 per 100,000


State Food Stamps Recipients (2019) Recipients Per 100K (2019) Food Stamps Recipients (2018) Recipients Per 100K (2018)
New Mexico 449,792 21,300 454,244 21,540
Louisiana 804,561 17,320 838,611 18,170
West Virginia 307,404 17,081 311,863 17,760
Mississippi 440,496 14,872 477,166 16,110
Oklahoma 579,618 14,717 581,701 14,520
Alabama 718,792 14,376 748,755 15,130
Oregon 584,077 13,918 612,249 14,160
Illinois 1,778,953 13,883 1,783,389 14,250
Nevada 419,832 13,701 434,898 13,430
Rhode Island 147,597 13,505 157,948 14,860
Pennsylvania 1,744,319 13,446 1,791,564 13,990
Florida 2,779,312 13,070 2,996,302 13,510
Georgia 1,370,779 12,920 1,485,060 13,580
Tennessee 882,622 12,877 938,986 13,410
New York 2,576,099 12,804 2,727,462 14,190
Delaware 121,987 12,438 136,252 13,640
Ohio 1,380,490 11,726 1,400,704 11,940
Arkansas 350,447 11,674 363,186 11,940
Texas 3,348,300 11,648 3,610,340 12,000
South Carolina 585,252 11,545 623,283 11,670
Maine 156,450 11,512 159,320 11,720
Michigan 1,143,900 11,373 1,217,499 12,180
Arizona 795,313 11,240 834,518 10,920
Kentucky 504,584 11,240 577,565 12,870
Missouri 678,388 11,052 713,151 11,530
Massachusetts 764,525 10,950 768,374 11,100
Hawaii 155,061 10,725 161,354 11,510
Washington 802,305 10,547 845,789 10,720
Vermont 67,296 10,493 71,176 11,430
Wisconsin 606,036 10,319 634,562 10,810
California 4,040,646 10,279 3,830,652 9,660
Connecticut 364,659 10,122 376,447 10,610
Alaska 73,130 10,003 71,775 9,960
Maryland 612,751 9,985 637,966 10,500
Montana 105,667 9,832 109,420 10,010
Iowa 306,940 9,664 332,595 10,480
South Dakota 78,854 8,967 82,566 9,150
Indiana 576,112 8,528 599,613 8,760
Virginia 695,004 8,111 715,559 8,280
Nebraska 157,978 8,110 163,999 8,360
Idaho 142,199 7,848 148,779 7,840
Colorado 439,390 7,710 461,659 7,740
New Jersey 682,734 7,389 731,983 8,250
Minnesota 398,706 7,037 422,573 7,360
Kansas 198,426 6,774 211,005 7,230
North Dakota 48,243 6,278 50,503 6,520
New Hampshire 73,416 5,353 79,727 5,780
Utah 165,374 5,134 178,812 5,320
Wyoming 25,564 4,442 27,448 4,710
North Carolina NA NA NA NA

Frequently Asked Questions

What percentage of the U.S. population is on welfare?

19% of the US population uses welfare.

Which states have the most welfare recipients?

Illinois, Florida, Georgia and Tennessee have the most welfare recipients.

How much does the U.S. spend on welfare?

Welfare spending increased from $773 billion in 2020 to $1,056 trillion in 2021.

How much does the average welfare recipient receive?

The average welfare recipient receives between $100 to $500 per month. The exact amount is based on several factors, including the number of members of the household, their employment, state, and program.

What percent of the black population is on welfare?

26% of Black Americans were on welfare in 2021.

What percentage of people on welfare get off of it?

About 50% of families who leave the welfare system leave within a year, 70% within two years, and almost 90% within five years.

Which race uses food stamps the most?

White individuals use food stamps the most, as around 37% of white individuals in the U.S. on the SNAP program.

Which states collect the most welfare?

The states that collect the most welfare are Alaska, Mississippi, Kentucky, and West Virginia.

What percentage of budget goes to welfare?

Welfare Programs represent 15% of the federal budget.

Sources

Conclusion

More than $1 trillion is spent on welfare programs by the government every year. The result: millions of individuals and families receive support with housing, healthcare, and food. While these programs are often criticized, they nonetheless play an important part in supporting millions of individuals.